All about Dengue Fever – symptoms, treatment and prevention
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Dengue fever is an infection caused by dengue viruses, of which there are four different stereotypes known to infect humans.
Serotype refers to groups of microorganisms that are extremely closely related, but can be distinguished by having slightly different antigens (a foreign substance which causes the body to produce antibodies) or causing the body to produce slightly different antibodies.
How dengue fever is spread?
Dengue virus is transmitted by a bite from the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. Only the female mosquito transmits the dengue virus. This mosquito is a daytime biter, both inside and outside homes, and is most active in the hours after sunrise and before sunset.
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes breed inside and outside the home in containers holding water and rarely fly more than 200 meters from the breeding site. They do not breed in creeks, swamps, pools or other bodies of water.
Signs and symptoms
The disease has a sudden onset and symptoms may include:
- Fever for 3 to 7 days
- Intense headache and pain behind the eyes
- Muscle and joint pain
- Loss of appetite
- Vomiting and diarrhoea
- Skin rash
- Bleeding, usually from the nose or gums.
Recovery is sometimes associated with prolonged fatigue and depression.
Repeated episodes of dengue fever may result in excessive bleeding and shock but, with appropriate treatment, are rarely fatal.
Diagnosis of dengue fever is made by clinical presentation and a blood test.
(time between becoming infected and developing symptoms)
3 to 14 days, commonly 4 to 7 days.
(time during which an infected person can infect others)
A mosquito becomes infected if it bites an infected person while the fever is present (an average period of about 3 to 5 days).
After biting an infected person it takes 8 to 12 days before the mosquito can infect other people.
The mosquito remains infectious for life.
*Note: Dengue fever is not directly spread from person-to-person.
There is no specific antiviral treatment available.
General recommendations include controlling fever and pain with Paracetamol (acetaminophen) rather than aspirin (aspirin may promote bleeding), and increasing fluid intake. Aspirin should not be given to children under 12 years of age unless specifically recommended by a doctor.
- Exclusion from childcare, preschool, school or work is usually not necessary but people experiencing fever from dengue infection should not be in an environment where they may be bitten by mosquitoes. If this is not possible they should stay at home until they have no fever and are therefore no longer infectious (usually 3 to 5 days).
- There is no vaccine to prevent human infection by this virus.
- Personal protectionand the environmental management of mosquitoes are important in preventing illness.
- Prevent access of mosquitoes to an infected person with a fever.
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites at all times in dengue areas.
Dengue Natural Home Remedies (India):
Good oral hydration, pain control with Tylenol (or other Non-NSAIDs) is usually adequate treatment for most people. People can fully recover from dengue fever; if they can use below remedies –
Dengue Fever Remedy:
1) Giloy Stem – 1 feet .
2) Papaya Leaf – 2 Medium Sizes.
3) Tulsi Patta – 30 Leaves.
4) Aloevera – peal off approx 150 gram.
5) Gud – 200 gm / Honey 200 gram.
6) Dalchine – 10 grams.
Take 3 Liter of fresh water and put all these ingredients into it and boil it till water remains 50% (Half). Filter it and take the oral dose. Take this medicine 1/2 cup trice a day – for two days and then twice a day. Take excessive fluid like Glucon D water, & Coconut water.
It is very true that prevention is better than cure. So, be safe and healthy!!